34 red wine varietals
A guest article by Estelle Platini.
Here is a list of vine varieties with a description of the red wines made from them.
|Aglianico||Greek||Tannic, tarry wines of great breed and lasting power from southern Italy.|
Undistinguished grape with highly coloured juice, teinturier.
Full-bodied, deep colour, smoky blackberry flavour.
|Barbera||Italian||Medium colour, high acid, dry quaffing wine.|
Usually blended with Cabernet Sauvignon or Merlot. Medium-weight, herbaceous
wines suggestive of violets and raspberries.
|French||Deep ruby colour, black currant and cedar nose, full-bodied, tannic when young.
Capable of long ageing. Softened with Merlot, Cabernet Franc in Bordeaux
and in California and Australia.
|Carignan||Spain||Widely planted, high yielding. Astringent table wine with good colour, used for blending.|
|Cinsault||French||Hot weather grape, deep colour and meaty flavour, low tannins. Good for blending.|
Acid, tough red, slightly smoky in flavour.
|Dolcetto||Italian||Deep-coloured, soft, fruity wine, not for ageing.|
|Freisa||Italian||Garnet colour, light, dry wine tasting of raspberries.|
|Gamay||French||Grape of Beaujolais. Fresh, fruity, light-bodied wines tasting of cherry and plums with peppery finish. Fast maturing.|
|California||Hybrid; a crossing between Valdiguié and Pinot Noir. Not very distinguished. Fruity flavour, high acid.|
Fruity, high alcohol, low tannins, soft. Good for rosé. Fast maturing.
colour, fragrant strawberry aroma, very dry.
Powerful, deep, full-bodied wines.
|Lambrusco||Italy||Light, grapey, fruity, off-dry wines.|
Early maturing, low acid, blackberry flavour. A lesser blending grape in Bordeaux.
Deep-coloured, peppery, plummy, acidic wine.
|Merlot||French||Purple, full-bodied wines, blackberry flavour. Less tannic and earlier maturing than Cabernet Sauvignon. Ages very well.|
Deep-coloured, powerful wines with a spicy blackberry taste.
The noble grape of Piedmont producing long-lasting wines that take time to soften. Brick red, truffles and violets on the nose with an austere dry finish.
|Petite Sirah||French||Californian name for the French Duriff. Full-bodied, deep-coloured wines with peppery flavour.|
|French||(Pinot Nero, Spätburgunder) One of the grapes of Champagne and the grape of red Burgundy. Difficult to cultivate. Garnet colour, barnyard bouquet,
raspberry flavour, medium weight. Ages very well.
|French||Secondary grape of Champagne. Fruity, acidic, low alcohol.|
Pinot Noir Cinsault crossing. Robust, powerful red, inky nose. Fast maturing, ageing potential.
|Primitivo||Italy||Massive black wines of high alcohol and intense fruit. Thought to be progenitor of the Californian Zinfandel.|
|Ruby Cabernet||California||A Carignan-Cabernet Sauvignon crossing. Deep-coloured, fruity wines but lacking the finesse and breeding of Cabernet Sauvignon.|
|Sangiovese||Italian||A Chianti grape usually blended with Canaiolo. Earthy, truffle-scented wines with fine acidity and ample tannins. Capable of long ageing.|
Powerful black, aromatic wines tasting of blackberries and white pepper. Capable of long ageing.
|Tempranillo||Spanish||(Ull de Llebre) Pinot Noir-like character. Pale ruby colour, coconut and sandalwood bouquet. Dry strawberry flavour. Ages elegantly.|
|Touriga Naçional||Portugal||The best port grape. Intense dark wine with high tannin and a lovely berry nose. Other port grapes include Mourisco, Tinta Francisca, Tinta Amarella,
Tinta Cao and Touriga Francesa.
|Xynomavro||Greek||Black wines of high acidity and tannin that age well.|
|Zinfandel||California||Versatile grape that can produce powerhouse to medium-weight reds, rosés and blush wines. Characterized by a blackberry flavour and intense fruit. Also
late harvest with port-like sweetness.
On this website here is a list of white wine varietals.